United Nations for 72 years

United Nations for 72 years October 24th every year is UN day – it marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter, 72 years ago.

United Nations for 72 years

Íslensk útgáfa fylgir á eftir ensku útgáfunni.

October 24th every year is UN day – it marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter, 72 years ago.

On this occasion it is appropriate to reflect a little on how it came into being and the connection of the UNU-FTP program to the UN University.

UN founding  

The UN Charter was drafted at a conference between April–June 1945 in San Francisco, and was signed on June 26th 1945 at the conclusion of the conference; this charter took effect October 24th 1945, and the UN began operation.

According to the UN Charter the purposes of the United Nations are:

  • To maintain international peace and security;
  • To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;
  • To achieve international co-operation in solving international;
  • To promote and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and
  • To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

On July 25th1946 The Parliament of Iceland passed a resolution authorizing the Icelandic Government to apply for membership in the United Nations.

On November 9th that year a resolution was passed by the General Assembly, admitting Iceland, Afghanistan and Sweden as members.

At the 48th plenary meeting of the General Assembly on November 19th 1946 Iceland was officially welcomed as a Member of the United Nations.

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The UN University

Suggestions of a university within the United Nations were first put forward in the 1969 Annual report to the UN General assembly by the then Secretary-General U Thant.

In it he proposed the establishment of a United Nations University, “truly international in character and devoted to the Charter objectives of peace and progress”.

After six years of preparation work the UN University (UNU), with headquarters facilities established in Tokyo, was finally able to launch its academic work in September 1975.

Iceland’s direct involvement with the UNU started in 1979 with the lunch of the UNU Geothermal Training Program (UNU-GTP) in Reykjavik.

This involvement has increased greatly since then and to day Iceland runs four separate training programs within the UNU.

In addition to the UNU-GTP they are: The UNU Fisheries Training Program (UNU-FTP) established in 1998; the UNU Land Restoration Program (UNU-LRT) established in 2007; and the UNU Gender Equality and Studies Program (GEST) established in 2009.

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UNU-FTP

The United Nations University Fisheries Training Programme (UNU-FTP) was established in 1998 through a tri-lateral agreement between the United Nations University, the Icelandic Ministry for Foreign Affairs, and the Marine Research Institute of Iceland (now Marine and Freshwater Research Institute).

The UNU-FTP operates in collaboration with academic institutions, private fishing companies, governmental institutions and research firms. Its Icelandic partner institutes, including the University of Iceland, Matís Food Research, the University of Akureyri, Holar University, as well as the MFRI, represent a diverse assortment of expertise in field of fisheries.

The UNU-FTP works with many international and regional bodies on strengthening institutional capacity in fisheries.

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Sameinuđu ţjóđirnar 72 ára

Sameinuđu ţjóđirnar voru stofnađar 24. október áriđ 1945 og eru ţví 72 ára um ţessar mundir.

Í tilefni ţessa er viđ hćfi ađ rifja lauslega upp ađdraganda ađ stofnun samtakanna, ađild Íslands ađ ţeim og tengingu sjávarútvegsskólans viđ Háskóla Sameinuđu ţjóđanna.

Stofnun SŢ og ađild Íslands

Undirbúningsráđstefnu um stofnun Sameinuđu ţjóđanna (SŢ) í San Francisco í Bandaríkjunum lauk 26. júní 1945 međ undirskrift sáttmála Sameinuđu ţjóđanna.

Sáttmálinn öđlađist gildi hinn 24. október sama ár og hefur sá dagur allar götur síđan veriđ dagur Sameinuđu ţjóđanna.

Tilgangur Sameinuđu ţjóđanna er fjórţćttur samkvćmt stofnsáttmálanum:

  • ađ viđhalda friđi og öryggi í heiminum;
  • ađ stuđla ađ vinsamlegum samskiptum milli ţjóđa;
  • ađ taka ţátt í lausn alţjóđlegra vandamála;
  • ađ auka virđingu fyrir mannréttindum; og ađ vera samráđsvettvangur ţjóđa; og
  • ađ samrćma ađgerđir ţjóđa til ađ ná ţessum markmiđum.

Alţingi Íslendinga samţykkti 25. júlí 1946 ađ sótt yrđi um ađild ađ Sameinuđu ţjóđunum. Ađildarumsóknir Íslands, Svíţjóđar og Afganistans voru samţykktar 9. nóvember 1946. Ţađ var síđan 19. nóvember ţađ ár sem var Ísland bođiđ velkomiđ.

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Háskóli Sameinuđu ţjóđanna

Hugmyndir um háskóla innan Sameinuđu ţjóđanna komu fyrst fram í Ársskýrslu ađalritara SŢ, U Thant, til Allsherjarţingsins áriđ 1969.

Lagđi hann til stofnun sérstaks Háskóla SŢ er skyldi helga sig málefnum friđar og framţróunar í anda stofnsáttmála samtakanna.

Eftir sex ára undirbúningsvinnu hóf háskólinn loks starfsemi međ ađalstöđvar í Tokyo í september áriđ 1975.

Framlag Íslands til skólans hófst áriđ 1979 međ stofnun Jarđhitaskóla Háskóla Sameinuđu ţjóđanna sem starfrćktur er í Reykjavík.

Ađkoma okkar ađ Háskóla SŢ hefur vaxiđ mjög ađ umfangi síđan ţá og í dag rekum viđ fjóra skóla innan háskólans.

Fyrir utan Jarđhitaskólann eru ţađ: Sjávarútvegsskóli Háskóla SŢ (1998) , Landgrćđsluskóli Háskóla SŢ (2007) og Jafnréttisskóli Háskóla SŢ (2009).

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Sjávarútvegsskólinn

Sjávarútvegsskóli Háskóla Sameinuđu ţjóđanna var stofnađur áriđ 1998 á grundvelli ţríhliđa samkomulags milli Háskóla Sameinuđu ţjóđanna, utanríkisráđuneytisins og Hafrannsóknastofnunar.

Skólinn er rekinn í nánu samstarfi frćđa- og menntasamfélagsins, stjórnvalda og atvinnulífsins. Međal samstarfsađila á Íslandi má nefna Matís, Háskóla Íslands, Háskólann á Akureyri og Hólaháskóla. Daglegur rekstur er í höndum fimm starfsmanna.

Meginviđfangsefni skólans er ađ byggja upp fćrni og ţekkingu innan stofnana og samtaka á sviđi sjávarútvegs og fiskeldis í ţróunarlöndum.

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Division

UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY

Fisheries training programme
Skulagata 4
IS - 121 Reykjavik,Iceland
unu@unuftp.is