In the final part of the 6-month training, fellows work closely with a supervisor to conduct research on a pressing issue related to their work at home. Combining the experience and practical skills developed in the introductory and specialist training and their personal goals, fellows design and present a research proposal. Research is then conducted individually through close collaboration with a supervisor.
Final projects often involve data directly from fellows' home countries. The end result of the final project period is a research paper which fellows defend upon completion of the UNU-FTP and take with them to share with their colleagues. A collection of final projects is published on the UNU-FTP website.